Massachusetts’ hurricane season officially runs from June 1 through November 30. During this period, the state experiences weather phenomena ranging from tropical depressions to major hurricanes.
Massachusetts is not as prone to hurricanes as some other states, especially those along the Gulf Coast and southeastern Atlantic Coast. Nonetheless, the Bay State has experienced some significant hurricanes. For instance, in 1938, the Great New England hurricane, one of the deadliest hurricanes in New England history, made landfall in Massachusetts.
A comprehensive understanding of hurricane patterns in Massachusetts can be derived from the image below.
Constructed using raw data from the NOAA Hurricane Research Division, it compares actual storm landfalls in Massachusetts with the storm pattern in the entire Atlantic basin.
In the state of Massachusetts, the shorelines in Buzzards Bay, as well as along the south shore of Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket, are particularly susceptible to storm surge and hurricane force winds. This is due to their coastal locations and geographical features.
Storm surges are an abnormal rise of water generated by a storm, over and above the predicted astronomical tides.
Hurricane-force winds, on the other hand, can reach speeds of 74 to 90 mph with gusts up to 110 mph, causing widespread damage and destruction of mobile homes.
The Hurricane Risk Graph provides a visual representation of the hurricane risk in Massachusetts.
The heatmap defined by the frequency of occurrence of hurricanes weighted by wind speed. The color map ranges from blue to red, with blue indicating areas of lower risk and red indicating areas of higher risk.
Preparing for a storm, particularly a hurricane, is crucial for ensuring personal safety and mitigating property damage. As hurricanes are accompanied by heavy rains, high winds, and flooding, unpreparedness can lead to serious consequences.Before a Hurricane
When it comes to hurricane preparedness, a well-organized approach is crucial. Here's a brief hurricane preparation checklist that can help you secure your safety:
When a hurricane hits, it's critical to take immediate action to ensure safety. The following are some general guidelines on what to do during a hurricane:
Following these steps can help reduce the risk of harm during a hurricane.
What to do after a hurricane is often a daunting task, but the first step is to ensure personal safety. Check on family members and neighbors to make sure everyone is safe and unharmed.
After confirming everyone's safety, assess the property damage. Document the state of your home and belongings with photographs or videos. This documentation will be crucial when filing your insurance claim.
Reach out to your insurance company to report the damages. For home insurance, contact your homeowners' insurance provider. If your vehicle was damaged, contact your car insurance company for a car insurance claim payout. Be ready to provide the documentation you've collected.
In the case of severe property damage, it might be necessary to find temporary housing. This could be a hotel, shelter, or a friend's home.
If the hurricane was particularly destructive, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) may declare the area a disaster zone. If this happens, you may be eligible for federal assistance. Visit the FEMA website or call their helpline to find out more about the available assistance programs.